Sample Lesson: Le Carnaval

Language and Level

French as Second Language; this lesson is suitable for adolescent or adult learners.

Learning Objectives

Activity 1: Students will be able to recognize key words on the subject of the Carnaval de Québec.

Activity 2: Students will answer questions about the time, location and activities of the Carnaval and discuss these with their peers.

Activity 3: Students will write a report on one of the Carnaval‘s events, using the template provided by the instructor.

Viewing Activity

Watch the following video:

This viewing activity incorporates the following Principles of Instructed Language Learning  (Ellis, 2005):

Principle 5: Instruction needs to take into account the learner’s ‘built-in syllabus’.

Principle 6: Successful instructed language learning requires extensive L2 input.

Principle 9: Instruction needs to take account of individual differences in learners.

Language Learning Activities Based on the Video

Activity 1

  • Ask students to write the words they recognize.
  • After the students have completed the list of words they recognize, introduce them to key vocabulary related to the Carnaval.

This activity incorporates the following Principles of Instructed Language Learning  (Ellis, 2005):

Principle 2: Instruction needs to ensure that learners focus predominantly on meaning.

Principle 3: Instruction needs to ensure that learners also focus on form.

Principle 6: Successful instructed language learning requires extensive L2 input.

Principle 7: Successful instructed language learning also requires opportunities for output.

Principle 8: The opportunity to interact in the L2 is central to developing L2 proficiency.

Principle 9: Instruction needs to take account of individual differences in learners.

Activity 2

  • Give students a list of questions to answer as they are watching the video, such as
    • Quand est le Carnaval cette année ? (When is the Carnaval this year?)
    • Nomme trois activités auxquelles on peut participer au Carnaval cette année. (Name three activities one can participate in at the Carnaval this year).
    • Combien de chiens y a-t-il par attelage dans les courses à chiens du Carnaval? (How many dogs pull each sled in the  Carnaval dog races?)
    • Qui est-ce qu’on surnomme Le Roi de la Fête? (Who’s nickname is Le Roi de la Fête?)
  • Discuss the activities that take place at the Carnaval.

This activity incorporates the following Principles of Instructed Language Learning  (Ellis, 2005):

Principle 2: Instruction needs to ensure that learners focus predominantly on meaning.

Principle 6: Successful instructed language learning requires extensive L2 input.

Principle 7: Successful instructed language learning also requires opportunities for output.

Principle 8: The opportunity to interact in the L2 is central to developing L2 proficiency.

Principle 9: Instruction needs to take account of individual differences in learners.

Activity 3

This activity incorporates the following Principles of Instructed Language Learning  (Ellis, 2005):

Principle 1: Instruction needs to ensure that learners develop both a rich repertoire of formulaic expressions and a rule-based competence.

Principle 2: Instruction needs to ensure that learners focus predominantly on meaning.

Principle 3: Instruction needs to ensure that learners also focus on form.

Principle 4: Instruction needs to be predominantly directed at developing implicit knowledge of the L2 while not neglecting explicit knowledge.


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